Why do we have to add comma ',' in args in python multithreading?

I am new to python and I am not sure why we use Comma ‘,’ in args for Thread

import threading
import time

semaphore = threading.BoundedSemaphore(value=5)

def access(thread_number):
    print("{}: Trying access...".format(thread_number))


    print("{}: Access granted!".format(thread_number))

    print("{}: waiting 5 seconds...".format(thread_number))


    print("{}: Releasing!...".format(thread_number))

for thread_number in range(10):
    t = threading.Thread(target=access, args=(thread_number,))

Why is it valid?
how does "args = (thread_number,)" need comma at the end?

>Solution :

Alas, this isn’t especially easy – it’s at the intersection of some dark corners of Python’s syntax.

First, the comma is needed to make a tuple, with a single element, containing the thread number:

>>> 6
>>> 6,
>>> (6,)
>>> (6)

See? Without a comma, or with just parentheses, 6 is just the int 6. But with a comma – and with or without parentheses – it becomes a tuple containing the int 6 as its only element.

Why does it need to be a tuple? You’re soon going to be told that it actually doesn’t 😉 , but before then consider that you may need to pass any number of arguments to a thread. So the expression after args= must yield a sequence.

But if the appearance of comma makes a tuple, why do you also need parentheses? That’s an "intersection of some dark corners": a comma in an argument list also seperates arguments, and that takes precedence in this context. So the parentheses are needed to enforce the intent: "this comma doesn’t mean the next argument is starting – this comma means I want a tuple".

To avoid having to think about all that, you can use a list as a sequence instead in this context:

    t = threading.Thread(target=access, args=[thread_number])

The implementation of Thread couldn’t care less which kind of sequence is passed as the value of args=, and lots of code actually uses a list instead of a tuple. However, last time I looked, that had not been documented, so it’s a bit risky.

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