Using Reduce to sum (Swift)

Im looking through examples were you can use reduce to sum an array, but mostly finding examples with numbers.
How would you add up all Bar that are inside Foo that has isAvailable set to true using reduce()?

Would you prefer to write it as I’ve done it? (readability & efficiency in mind)

struct Foo {
    var isAvailable: Bool
    var bars: [Bar]

struct Bar {
    var name: String

let array = [
    Foo(isAvailable: true, bars: [ Bar(name: "Bill"), Bar(name: "Donald") ]),
    Foo(isAvailable: false, bars: [ Bar(name: "Barack"), Bar(name: "Joe") ]),
    Foo(isAvailable: true, bars: [ Bar(name: "George"), Bar(name: "Ronald") ])

// Do this with reduce??
var totalCount = 0
for foo in array where foo.isAvailable {
    totalCount += foo.bars.count

>Solution :

In a short way:

let reduced = array.reduce(0) { $1.isAvailable ? $0 + $1.bars.count : $0 }

Now, let’s explicit it:

The logic is quite simple:

  • We set the initial value to 0
  • In the closure, we have two parameters, the first one is the current value (at start it’s the initial value), which we’ll increment at each iteration, and the second one is the element of the array. We return then the new value (partial) that we incremented or not according to your condition (here is isAvailable)


let reduced2 = array.reduce(0) { partial, current in
    if current.isAvailable {
        return partial + current.bars.count
    } else {
        return partial

With a ternary if:

let reduced3 = array.reduce(0) { partial, current in
    return current.isAvailable ? partial + current.bars.count : partial

Getting rid of the return, see Functions With an Implicit Return in Functions of Swift or Implicit Returns from Single-Expression Closures of Closures of Swift.

let reduced4 = array.reduce(0) { partial, current in
    current.isAvailable ? partial + current.bars.count : partial

With Shorthand Argument Names on Closures of Swift.

let reduced5 = array.reduce(0) { $1.isAvailable ? $0 + $1.bars.count : $0 }

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