Below is the code to generate the dataframe for demonstration:

```
d<-data.frame(x1=c(rep("no",5),rep("yes",4),rep("no",2),rep("yes",3),rep("no",2),rep("yes",3)),
x2=c(rep("no",6),rep("yes",1),rep("no",9),rep("yes",2),rep("no",1)),
dummy=c(rep(0,5),rep(1,4),rep(0,5),rep(0,2),rep(1,3)))
```

I have two variables x1 and x2. What I want is a dummy variable, named as ‘dummy’, based on both x1 and x2 indicators. Specifically, the dummy should equal 1 by capturing all x1=yes values conditional that at least one of its adjacent x2=yes. If x1=yes but its adjacent x2=no, then the dummy should be 0.

It is easy to create a dummy variable taking value of 1 when both x1 and x2 equal ‘yes’, using

```
d$dummy=ifelse(d$x1=="yes" & d$x2=="yes",1,0)
```

But it would not be able to capture the whole cluster of x1=yes which is what I wish to do.

The desired output I am looking for is like this:

Any idea how this could be done?

### >Solution :

You can `group_by`

consecutive_ids, and then get 1 if `x1 == "yes"`

, and any adjacent `x2 is "yes"`

.

```
library(dplyr) #1.1.0+
d %>%
group_by(cons = consecutive_id(x1)) %>%
mutate(dummy = +(x1 == "yes" & any(x2 == "yes"))) %>%
ungroup()
x1 x2 dummy cons
<chr> <chr> <int> <int>
1 no no 0 1
2 no no 0 1
3 no no 0 1
4 no no 0 1
5 no no 0 1
6 yes no 1 2
7 yes yes 1 2
8 yes no 1 2
9 yes no 1 2
10 no no 0 3
11 no no 0 3
12 yes no 0 4
13 yes no 0 4
14 yes no 0 4
15 no no 0 5
16 no no 0 5
17 yes yes 1 6
18 yes yes 1 6
19 yes no 1 6
```