Why hostname of docker embedded DNS does not work?

I am trying to check if postgres container is accessible form within another container across the bridge docker network.

# /!\ Remove all containers /!\
docker rm -vf $(docker ps -aq)

Launch database

docker run --name    db                     \
           --env     POSTGRES_PASSWORD=asdf \
           --detach  postgres:alpine

Test connection with IP

IP=`docker network inspect bridge | grep IPv4 | grep -o -P '\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+'`; \
docker run --env IP=$IP alpine sh -c "apk add --update --no-cache netcat-openbsd && nc -zv $IP 5432"

leads to:

Connection to 5432 port [tcp/*] succeeded!


Test connection with hostname

docker run alpine sh -c "apk add --update --no-cache netcat-openbsd && nc -zv db 5432"

leads to:

nc: getaddrinfo for host "db" port 5432: Name does not resolve

Not working…

>Solution :

The default bridge network is not recommended for production. Instead of it use a custom bridge network:

docker network create --driver bridge postgres-network
docker run --name db --env POSTGRES_PASSWORD=asdf --detach --network postgres-network postgres:alpine
docker run --network postgres-network alpine sh -c "apk add --update --no-cache netcat-openbsd && nc -zv db 5432"


Connection to db ( 5432 port [tcp/postgresql] succeeded!

See also https://docs.docker.com/network/network-tutorial-standalone/

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