JPA: How do I sort by field customising order when using findAll with specification

I`m using Spring Tool Suite 4 (4.12.0.RELEASE) with Java 8 and I have the following piece of code to get results from a table filtered, paged and sorted:

// Define pageable
    Sort sort = JpaSort.unsafe(Sort.Direction.ASC, Arrays.asList("FIELD(Status, '0','6','1','3','7')"));
    Pageable pageRequest = PageRequest.of(searchCriteria.getPageNo(), searchCriteria.getPageSize(), sort);
    // Initialise specification
    Specification<BestPracticeAdminList> spec = Specification.where(null);

    // If search criteria contains searchText field, add it to the specification
    if(searchCriteria.getSearchText() != null)
        spec = spec.and(BestPracticeAdminListFilter.titleLike(searchCriteria.getSearchText()));
    // If search criteria contains filters field, inspect filters field
    if(searchCriteria.getFilters() != null) {
        // If search criteria contains subjectID field, add it to the specification
        if(searchCriteria.getFilters().getSubjectID() != null)
            spec = spec.and(BestPracticeAdminListFilter.hasAlternativeSubjectID(searchCriteria.getFilters().getSubjectID()));
        // If search criteria contains categoryID field, add it to the specification
        if(searchCriteria.getFilters().getCategoryID() != null)
            spec = spec.and(BestPracticeAdminListFilter.hasAlternativeSubjectCategoryID(searchCriteria.getFilters().getCategoryID()));
        // If search criteria contains status field, add it to the specification
        if(searchCriteria.getFilters().getStatus() != null)
            spec = spec.and(BestPracticeAdminListFilter.hasStatus(searchCriteria.getFilters().getStatus()));
    // Get results
    Page<BestPracticeAdminList> pagedResults = bestPracticeAdminListRepository.findAll(spec, pageRequest);

Problem is adding a custom sorting. I need to sort by a status field, which is an enumerator, but in an specific order, not the order the enumerator is written.

Custom sorting works in a different situation when using a native query on a repository with @Query and nativeQuery=true but not in this case when I want to use the findAll method with a specification for filtering.

This is the entity class:

public class BestPracticeAdminList implements Serializable {

@Column(name = "BestPracticeAdminListID")
private int bestPracticeAdminListID;

@Column(name = "Title")
private String title;

@Column(name = "BestPracticeID")
private int bestPracticeID;

@Column(name = "AlternativeSubjectID")
private int alternativeSubjectID;

@Column(name = "AlternativeSubjectCategoryID")
private int alternativeSubjectCategoryID;

@Column(name = "Status")
private LookupReportingProvisionWorkflowStatus status;

@Column(name = "IsPreviousVersionPublished")
private Boolean isPreviousVersionPublished; 

public BestPracticeAdminList() {

Currently, exception I get is: No property fIELD(Status, '0','6','1','3','7') found for type BestPracticeAdminList!

How could I solve this problem? Thanks

>Solution :

Since Spring is complaining you don’t have a sorting field, you could solve this by creating it using the FIELD function in a @Formula in your BestPracticeAdminList

@Formula("FIELD(Status, '0','6','1','3','7')")
private String sortingStatus;

and using it for sorting

Sort sort = JpaSort.unsafe(Sort.Direction.ASC, Arrays.asList("sortingStatus"));

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